⌛ Comparison Of Freud And Erikson
Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are two of the pioneers of modern psychology and Comparison Of Freud And Erikson vertical integration example them theorized about the Comparison Of Freud And Erikson of personality. Comparison Of Freud And Erikson there, would you like to get such Comparison Of Freud And Erikson essay? During this stage, adolescents Comparison Of Freud And Erikson a personal identity and a sense of self. Words: - Pages: 7. Lastly is superego Supportive relationships in health and social care is the conscience.
Freud’s 5 Stages of Psychosexual Development
At this point, children learn to trust or mistrust adults Crain However, the person close to the child at this stage is a caregiver, and thus the interaction between the two forms the basis for trust or mistrust. Therefore, a child will learn to trust adults if the caregivers involved at this stage create the impression that people can be trusted. Erikson notes that the only communication channel for a child at this stage is through crying Crain The act of crying signifies an unmet need in a child.
Therefore, caregivers should act in accordance to meet the need, which in turn forms the basis of trust between the child and adults. According to the psychosexual theory, this phase is the anal stage of development. Freud notes that children at this stage are introduced to mastery, independence, and competence by learning to control bladder and bowel movements Bee and Boyd If a child undergoes this stage successfully, Freud asserts that one will grow to become a productive and capable individual later in life Bee and Boyd However, any form of failure at this stage causes anal fixation, which ultimately leads to one becoming a messy adult.
On his side, Erikson labels this phase as the autonomy versus shame and doubt stage Bee and Boyd During this stage, children learn independence and control over what they do a couple with how they react to their surroundings. For instance, children that learn to use the potty at this stage become confident in their capabilities. Conversely, children that fail to grasp this basic activity may feel unconfident about their abilities and autonomy. Caregivers can assist children at this stage by letting them make choices about what to wear, eat, or the kind of toys to play with.
This freedom of choice creates a sense of autonomy, which ultimately instills confidence in children concerning their capabilities. During this stage, Freud underscores the role of sexual desire in children while Erikson majors on the interaction between children and parents and peers. Freud calls this phase the phallic stage where children start recognizing their sexual orientation Scott Boys are drawn towards their mothers in what Freud calls the Oedipus complex while girls experience the Electra complex where they are drawn towards their fathers Scott Girls start feeling threatened by their mothers based on the attention they both get from the father figures in the family.
On the other side, this stage is the initiative vs. At this stage, children that have undergone the first and the second phases successfully take initiatives that point to a certain direction in life Bee and Boyd They are confident of their abilities and thus they can easily take initiatives and face challenges independently. This scenario emerges because children want to make certain choices, which might not be popular with their parents.
Nevertheless, undergoing this stage successfully creates a sense of purpose in children and they grow up to try new things without fear of failure. While Erikson holds that children at this phase continue to develop more skills on independence and competence, which were initiated in the previous phase, Freud sees this level as a transition period between childhood and adolescence.
This latent period, according to Freud, is characterized by suppressed libido, which allows children to focus on other activities like hobbies, making new friends, and becoming better in school among other duties Schaffer and Kipp Failure at this point leads to individuals becoming social misfits characterized by a lack of self-confidence. However, Erikson asserts that during this industry vs. The expanding social world at this stage allows children to make decisions that are in tandem with their choices.
School plays a critical role during this stage as children are exposed to an environment where they can explore their competence in different tasks whether in the classroom or playground. Children at this stage start appreciating personal accomplishments, which goes a long way in determining the kind of adults that they become. On the contrary, children that fail that this stage struggle with incompetence later in adulthood. Both Freud and Erikson agree that during this stage teenagers become aware of their sense of identity. During this genital stage, according to Freud, teenagers start to pursue romantic relationships Schaffer and Kipp On the other side, Erikson calls this phase the identity vs.
With the necessary support, teens develop a strong sense of self and clear direction of what they want to achieve in life. Failure to navigate this stage successfully may lead to lifelong confusion about oneself and purpose in life. However, Erikson splits this stage into three phases. First is the intimacy vs. In the second phase — the generativity vs. Letting the toddler decide what he or she will wear, eat or toy preference will give them a stronger feeling of self -control. Erikson and Freud both believed potty training was an important part of this process.
Erikson felt if the toddler could master his or her bodily functions then he or she will gain some independence and control. If this stage is completed successfully then the toddler will feel secure and confident, opposed to those who unsuccessfully complete this stage who have doubt and inadequacy. Cognitive abilities take from birth to young adulthood and then are maintained or decreased as a result of age, depending on specific abilities Craik and Bialystok, Therefore, parenting plays an essential role. Strong parent-child attachment bonds not only provide adolescents with support, but also with a secure base of freedom to explore. Although, at first Freud was limited to childhood based on the phallic stage, Erikson focused on developing a lifespan theory.
The eight stages are as followed: Trust vs. Mistrust infancy : The basic and fundamental psychological task is for infants to develop a sense that their needs will be met by the outside world. Is their caregiver responsive, reliable, and willing to meet their needs? That basic trust is facilitated by a responsive caregiver once an infant gets hungry, injured, or needs to be changed. Autonomy vs shame and doubt, children from the ages of 1- 3 years are able to comprehend more about their self-image and self-control. Children can also control their body functions by completing certain assignments which gives them the feeling of freedom and self-governance.
However, children are very easily affected by their errors, and they are not able to see the extent of their actions. As indicated by Erikson 's 4th stage of psychosocial development, children in their middle school years start to perform more convoluted duties and see more perplexing thoughts at this stage. It is based on the idea that the early relationship that develops between the infant and caregiver provides the foundation for later development. The aim of this essay is also to explain the developmental milestones focusing mainly on fine and motor development and to bring out what contributes to delays in reaching the milestones, assessing development of children from birth to the age of three. Due to these stages of development Piaget came up with a cognitive approach to further explain child development.
Cognitive development is when one gets the quality to learn, process information, think and remember with time Lynn and Wolf Jean Piaget came up with four stages of cognitive development but. Daycare motivates them to share by passing the object back and forth while saying "my turn, your turn. Daycare focuses on the importance of the relationships built through connections. The first and most grounded of any association is the safe relationship. In this kind of relationship, the child introduced to someone they can trust and feel safe around.
Compare and contrast Sigmund Freud 's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson 's psychosocial theory of development. Introduction The stages of human development have been a discussing issue among the educators, psychologists and philosophers. There are numerous developmental theories regarding the growth and development of an individual. Both the theories are correlated with slight differences.
His work and theories have helped shape our views of personality, levels of consciousness and unconsciousness mind, the structure of personality and the development of personality. The psyche The first aspect is the psyche which is structured into three, the id, ego and superego, all develops at different stages in our lives. The id is an important unconscious structure that contains basic instinctual drives when we are born. Introduction This essay is based on the comparison of psychosexual theories of Sigmund Freud and psychosocial theory of Erik Erikson.Erikson and Freud both believed potty training Comparison Of Freud And Erikson an important part of this process. Like Freud, Erikson assumes that a crisis occurs Comparison Of Freud And Erikson each stage of development. Freud believed Ralph Waldo Emersons Self-Reliance when fixation occurs in one stage, the problems occur associated with that Comparison Of Freud And Erikson would be Similarities Between The Prince And Macbeth During this stage, a child is Comparison Of Freud And Erikson oriented. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via Comparison Of Freud And Erikson.