➊ Vascular Birthmarks

Saturday, December 11, 2021 3:49:31 PM

Vascular Birthmarks

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Vascular birthmarks can affect internal organs, arteries, veins, doctor says

About 1 in 19 children will develop one. Hemangiomas are more common in Caucasians, twins, and females. Premature infants are also more likely to have a hemangioma. Hemangiomas may be superficial or deep. They may be present at birth or appear shortly thereafter. Most occur on the head or neck, although they can be anywhere on the body. They are bluish-purple in color and make the skin swell and bulge. Both types of hemangiomas grow rapidly during the first 6 months of life, but usually shrink and disappear by the time a child is 5 to 10 years old. While most hemangiomas are harmless, some may require treatment. If a hemangioma interferes with sight, feeding, breathing, or other body functions, it will likely require treatment by a dermatologist. Treatment methods may include laser therapy, medication that may include corticosteroids, or surgical removal.

Your dermatologist will advise you whether a hemangioma needs to be treated, as well as the best method of treatment. A port-wine stain is a type of birthmark that is caused by a malformation of tiny blood vessels called capillaries. The name port-wine stain comes from the color of the birthmark, which ranges from light pink to a dark red color. They start as flat, pink or red patches, and tend to become darker and grow along with the baby.

Port-wine stains do not fade. Because they can darken and grow over time, port-wine stains can affect a child physically and emotionally. Those that occur near the eye may cause eye problems, including glaucoma. In addition, some seizure disorders may be associated with port-wine stains. Port-wine stains are not painful or itchy. Laser therapy is the typical treatment for port-wine stains. Laser treatment should begin within the first 6 to 12 months of life, and approximately 6 to 8 treatments are needed to obtain optimal results. Most birthmarks are harmless and do not require treatment.

Some, however, may be associated with other conditions or interfere with important body functions. In addition, larger birthmarks may leave behind a scar after they disappear. This birthmark will increase in size with the normal growth of the child. Laser treatment is sometimes not particularly effective. Laser treatment sessions are brief, depending on the size of the area to be treated.

The laser is equipped with an anesthetic coolant spray cryogen to protect the skin and prevent patient discomfort. The laser pulse feels like a soft rubber band snap. The number of pulses delivered depends on the size of the birthmark. Depending on the type of laser used, the treated area may be discolored after treatment. It may darken in the first several hours after treatment. The discoloration will begin to clear in five days or less. Make-up can be used to cover the laser treatment site as long as a crust is not present. Make-up should be removed carefully to avoid irritating the skin. If blistering or crusting develops following treatment, the area should be cleaned twice daily with mild soap and water followed by Polysporin or Bacitracin ointment and a Telfa dressing.

Crusting is uncommon and lasts only a day or two when it occurs. In such cases, what appears to be a small bruise or birthmark may grow rapidly and take on a puffy appearance in the first days or weeks of life. Port-wine stains, also known as nevus flammeus and sometimes mistaken for strawberry marks, are present at birth and range from a pale pink in color, to a deep wine-red. Irregular in appearance, they are usually quite large, and caused by a deficiency or absence in the nerve supply to blood vessels.

This causes vasodilation , the dilation of blood vessels, causing blood to pool or collect in the affected area. Often on the face, marks on the upper eyelid or forehead may be indicative of a condition called Sturge-Weber syndrome. Additionally, port-wine stains in these locations may be associated with glaucoma and seizures. Most birthmarks are harmless and do not require treatment. Pigmented marks can resolve on their own over time in some cases. Vascular birthmarks may require reduction or removal for cosmetic reasons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Vascular birthmarks. For other uses, see Birthmark disambiguation. Medical condition. Main article: Congenital melanocytic nevus. Main article: Mongolian spot.

Main article: Nevus flammeus nuchae. Main article: Hemangioma. Main article: Nevus flammeus. American Academy of Dermatology. Archived from the original on

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