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Video Audio icon An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio Software icon An illustration of a 3. Software Images icon An illustration of two photographs. Images Donate icon An illustration of a heart shape Donate Ellipses icon An illustration of text ellipses. Full text of " Transactions of the Medical Association of the State of Alabama " See other formats Google This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on Hbrary shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project to make the world's books discoverable online. It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain.

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Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world. About Google Book Search Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. Thomas Albxavdbb Mbans, M. Mbans, M. Mobile, Tuesday, Apbil 9. The Association assembled in Temperance Hall at 10 o'clock, A.

Baldridoe, Milton Columbus, Huntsville, Madison county. Cochran, Jerome, Mobile, Mobile county. Godfrey, James Myers, Sumterville, Sumter county. Jackson, Walter Clarke, Montgomery, Montgomery county. Ketchum, George Augustus, Mobile, Mobile county. Means, Thomas Alexander, Montgomery, Montgomery county. Reese, Augustus Jordan, Mobile, Mobile county. Sanders, William Henry, Mobile, Mobile county. Sears, John William, Birmingham, Jefferson county. Sbelte, Samuel Dibble, Montgomery, Montgomery county. Starr, Lucius Ernest, Camden, Wilcox county. Weatherly, Job Sobieski, Montgomery, Montgomery county. Cross, Benjamin Franklin, Decatur, Morgan county. Fletcher, Richard Mathew, Madison, Madison county.

Hill, Samuel Hsnby, Oarrolltoiiy Pickens county. Jay, A. Phillips, William Cbawford, Selma, Dallas county. Sholl, Edward Henry, Birmingham, Jefferson county. Slbdge, William Henry, Livingston, Sumter county. Smith, Daniel Edoarly, Mobile, Mobile county. Thetpord, William Fletcher, Talladega, Talladega county. Ward, Henry Bascom, Cuba, Sumter county. Baldwin, Benjamin James, Montgomery, Montgomery county. Brago, Shirley, Lowndesboro, Lowndes county. Hill, Luther Lbonidab, Montgomery, Montgomery county. Inge, Henry Tutwiler, Mobile, Mobile county. Kbndrick, Joel Beder, Greenville, Butler county. Wheeler, William Camp, Cherokee, Colbert county. Whelan, Charles, Birmingham, Jefferson county.

Wilkinson, James Anthony, Flomaton, Escambia county. Autauga County Medical Society — E. King, Autaugaville ; James E. Wilkinson, Prattville. Crook, Jacksonville; John C. LeGrand, Anniston. White, Spring Garden. Head, Andalnsia. Tankersly, Argus. Cullman County Medical Society — M. Johnson, Cullman. Vann, Collinsville. Leon Wyman, Birmingham. Hollis, Sulligent. Robinson, Huntsville. Mohr; William Barnes- more Pape, Mobile. Gwin, Decatur. Wilkerson, Marion. Steadham, Easonville. Deweese, Nauvoo, Walker county. Forty-two county societies, represented by fifty-seven dele- gates. Choctaw county — Robert Bryant Carr, Pushmataha. Jackson county — Andrew Boyd, Scottsboro.

Jefferson county — John Calhoun Dozier, Birmingham. Lowndes county — Shirley Bragg, Lowndesboro. Scales, Mobile. Sumter county — William Henry Sledge, Livingston. Choctaw county — William F. Kimbrough, Bladen Springs. Davis, William E. Davis, Robert T. Jones, Thomas J. Nixon, Birmingham; James C. Owen, Dudley Crawford Randle. Sumter county — Alexander Menzes Garber, Ijivingston. Landon B. Richard Hines, Jr. James W. Sharpe, special correspondent of the New Or- leans Times-Democrat, were present and received the nsual courtesies due them as representatives of the press.

The Association was called to order by the President, Dr. Milton Columbus Baldridge, of Huntsville, at 12 o'clock, noon, and opened with prayer by the Rev. Burgett, D. After which the Hon. Joseph C. Mr, President, and Gentlemen of the State Medical Association : I am here to-day on behalf of the people of Mobile to welcome you to their city and its homes.

I greet you as the worthy representatives of a noble calling, as the faithful friends and zealous guardians of public interest, and as members of an organization that has accomplished great good for the people of Alabama. The organization of the State Medical Association was an event of no small importance in the history of the State ; and its growth and progress have been watched with in- creasing interest and pride.

You have organized the best brain of the State in the important labor of providing greater security and better protection to a people often threatened and sometimes sorely afflicted by pestilence and disease. In doing this you have ri ndered the people a service the value of which cannot be over-estimated; and it has been an unselfish labor that is appreciated and will not be forgotten. The record of the State Medical Association is a monument to the splendid talents, and to the patient industry and honest toil of the physicians of Alabama.

You have met and overcome difficulties at every step in your progress. Unaided, and often without encouragement, you have kept on until you have made the Association what we behold it to-day : an organized army of science and progress, ceaseless in its vigilance, and tireless in its efforts to promote and advance the best interest of a great common- wealth. These splendid results are all the more creditable to you, be- cause accomplished at the expense of your personal and private in- terests.

Notwithstanding the fact that the life of the physician is one of peculiar hardship and incessant toil, they have always been ready and have always found time to answer every call of public duty. In time of war and peace alike, the same ready response has been made upon the stricken fields of the South ; in the lonely hospitals of pain, with the sick and the wounded ; in the homes of our fair southern cities that have been made desolate so many times in the past ; in every relation, public and private, the conduct of the physician has been characterized by so much of heroic courage and loving kindness as to ensure to him and his brothers a hearty welcome in every grateful community in i the land.

These splendid services, performed with such courage and fidelity, give to you a passport of friendship and a letter of introduction that we recognize with infinite pleasure. I speak no mere words of ceremony and formality when I say that you are welcome to Mobile and its hospitable homes. Scales, president of the Mobile Connty Medical Society, then welcomed the association on behalf of that society in the following language : Mr, Prendentf and Gentlemen of the Medical Association of the State of Alahama : Upon me, as president of the Mobile County Medical Society, de- volves the honored but embarrassing duty of extending to you, on behalf of said society, a cordial welcome.

You are here assembled, some from sections of the State represent- ing mineral wealth, others from the rich agricultural fields, and others from pine forests whose long needles will, at no distant day, point to untold wealth. Here assembled you meet still others representing — what? Our quiet city by the gulf, a city noted for her elegant fishing grounds, her extensive oyster beds, her beautiful shell drive skirting our bay and bordered with gigantic magnolias, festooned with Spanish moss ; a city noted for the hospitality of her men, and, last but not least, the beauty of her women.

I say it will be our endeavor, failing in which it is sincerely hoped that the failure will be attributed to no lack of motive on our part, but to means completely beyond our control. Yes, you are here in the cause of labor. There is a law on our statute book, enacted doubtless through your wise influence, for the regulation of the practice of medicine in the state, and yet there are in this city those engaged in the practice of medicine in open violation of the contemplated provisions of this law ; evidently there is some defect and it rests with you to remedy this defect. It is for you, with the assist- ance of the Mobile Medical Society, to remedy this failure. There is a law for the regulation of quarantine, and it remains for your influence to have this law so amended as to abolish all useless and abominable — as well as disgraceful — shot-gun quarantines.

By virtue of my membership in the Mobile County Medical Society, I am also a member of your honorable body, humble though it be, but not for one moment would I have it inferred from the preceding remarks that I proposed to map out a line of work for you in the future ; not at all, but simply to dwell upon the fact that you have work before you, and to demonstrate how ill-becoming on my part it would be to con- sume further of your valuable time.

Therefore, in conclusion, gentle- men, allow me again, in the name of your fair daughter, Mobilia, to bid you welcome 1 welcome I thrice welcome I to her home, and to wish you God-speed in the performance of your laborious duties. OenUemen of the Medical Association of the State of Alahama : Again we are permitted by an Allwiee-Providence to assem- ble in this oar twenty-first annual session, in order to review the work of the past year, consult together, and formulate plans for future operations.

Representing as we do, every portion of our great and growing state from the rocked ribbed mountains on the north, replete with verdure and mineral wealth, to the gulf city on the south, the gateway of commerce to the state, and our emporium of medical learning. The cor- dial clasp of fraternal hands and the cheerful smile of mutual greeting is marred by the sad reflection that all are not here. Death, the common heritage of our race, has been at work in our midst, claiming for its victims several of our honored and cherished members, one of whom was the orator-elect for this occasion, Brice Martin Hughes, of Birmingham, a young man of culture and acknowledged ability, whose career of useful- cess was commensurate with his short and brilliant profes- sional life.

James Young, of Decatur, who fell heroically contesting the advance of the pestilence in that city, a martyr to his trust and an ornament to the profession. Lucky Walker Jenkins, health oflBcer of Wilcox county, and Mortimer Harvey Jordan, of Birmingham, one of the oldest official members of this Association, having been elected Counsellor in , Presi- dent in , and was a member of the Board of Censors at the time of his death.

These all died in the faithfnl discharge of profes- sional duty. Their names are transferred to the Boll of the Dead. We fondly cherish their memory while they rest from their labors. A careful survey of Association work for the past year will reveal the fact, that in some departments, success has attended effort with gratifying results, while in others but little progress has been made. Early in the year an earnest appeal was made to the officers of the county societies throughout the state, through our vice- presidents, touching the perfection of their organization and the details of their work as formulated in our Book of the Kules. Enough has been elicited to encourage us, while at the same time we are constrained to confess that in some portions of the state at least, our expectations have fallen short.

In some of the counties the work, when done at all, was exceedingly imperfect and unsatisfactory for various reasons, which will be assigned in the reports of the vice-presidents. The present magnitude of our state organization, the co- ordinant relation which the several departments sustain one to the other, and the present enlistment of several county socie- ties into our ranks hitherto undrilled in the importance and details of the work, may be fitly compared to an army of veterans and recruits legally commissioned for defensive war- fare and aggressive movement, engaged in the grand work of combatting with disease and death, while at the same time their causes are being thoroughly studied in relation to nature and prevention.

At no period in the history of the healing art has advance- ment all along the line of medicine been so great, nor does any medical organization in all of its details equal this of ours in the state of Alabama. While that noble institution honored at home and respected abroad is jnstly entitled to onr patronage and praise, and while its graduates acquit themselves before our boards of ex- aminers as creditably as graduates hailing from other medical institutions, yet it is obvious that any special legislation look- ing to class exemption or local preferment, would be in open conflict with the spirit of our constitution, and would serve as an entering wedge to the disruption of all our laws to regulate the practice of medicine.

We could not afford by implication to lower the standard, and minify the capacity of an institution which is an honor to the state and the pride of this Association. A more formida- ble bill, and one which was far reaching in its objects, was in effect to repeal the law which provides for the examination of all medical graduates by our boards of examiners; and was presented in the shape of an amendment to section of the Code to regulate the practice of medicine in the state. The passage of this bill would have utterly destroyed the foundation of our progressive system, and relegated us to a forlorn position in the dead past.

The workings of this law for the last six years has not only given satisfaction to the laity at large, but has elevated the professional status of our medical men to a much higher plane; has created a laudable ambition among us for improvement in medical research and appliances, and has proclaimed to the world that our successors must be equal, if not superior, to ourselves. After a conference with the Senior Censor, it was deemed expedient to express our opposition to the bills through the public press, and by personal appeal to the members of the general assembly through physicians in the several counties.

The effort proved to be entirely successful, for such bills as found their way to the committee-room were killed, and the others, for fear of a similar fate, were withheld. And it is no less gratifying to know that our initiative position in this vastly important matter has met with general approbation throughout the entire country, and several of the states have enacted similar laws. The law is not only growing in popularity where it has been in operation, but the courts have passed upon its constitu- tionality in the main, an instance of which recently occurred in a decision of the supreme court of the United States in the case of Dent against the state of West Virginia, aflirming the decision of the supreme court of the state, requiring practi- tioners of medicine to secure certificates from the state boards of medical examiners, certifying to the standing and reputa- tion of the medical colleges granting the diplomas.

The early outbreak of yellow fever last spring in Florida, when announced by our state health oflScer, necessarily gave rise to much uneasiness on the part of all concerned. No time was lost in adopting every precaution to prevent its advance and prevalence in this state ; but in spite of the vigilance of the health officer and an early enforcement of the laws to regu- late the practice of quarantine, in the month of September it made its appearance in the city of Decatur. The disastrous effects of the epidemic have a national notoriety, while a detailed account of its introduction, progress, prevalence and duration, as furnished by the state health officer, will suggest to this body matters of vital importance now at the close of what many medical men claim to be an ex- ceedingly favorable winter for the hybernation and early out- break of yellow fever in that and probably other points in the state.

A painful experience in the northern part of the state last fall, growing out of the irrational, inhumane and expensive system of local and state quarantine instituted and conducted, as it was for the most part by municipal authorities, was not in keeping with the spirit of the law to regulate the practice of quarantine, as formulated by our state board of health. Neither did it give confidence or security to the public. But it ignored our constituted head and authority, the state health officer, by only according the right to advise, when that advice comported with their individual views or local interests.

The system as it related to railroads, transportation and travel, was, in effect, a grand farce. Subjecting the roads to enor- mous expense and delay, while travelers from healthy localities absolutely uninfected, were often ejected from trains and mer- cilessly detained at miserable quarantine stations to do penance for municipal caprice, or, as was the case in some instances, left by the wayside to suffer and die, all for the want of a uniform system of quarantine, properly established and con- ducted by a committee of medical experts from the state with plenary powers, and backed by a sufficient amount of money to carry into operation all necessary quarantine measures.

It is impracticable for a quarantine officer to manage the details of a state quarantine, since he must be present to direct in an in- fected place, rather than visit and supervise other places unin- fected ; hence the necessity for more than one to successfully manage this important and responsible trust. Our county boards of health, invaluable as they may be for local purposes in case of an invasion of small-pox, or an outbreak of diptheria or scarlet fever, are quite powerless for good during the preva- lence of yellow fever or cholera, for the reason that their functions end with their advice, and that is often disregarded.

Three- conditions are indispensably necessary to a successful quarantine: medical authority, state support, and a uniform system of enforcement ; for medical experts are more familiar with the conditions, time and details than laymen. Again, it should be uniformly conducted in order to com- mand confidence and respect. Since yellow fever has hitherto been regarded as an exotic, subject to im- portation to our shores by means of vessels from foreign ports of infection, it is well for the general government to exer- cise exclusive control in all matters pertaining to international quarantine, the inspection of ports of entry, the detention of vessels, and the prevention, if possible, of fresh importations to our shores.

Should, however, the pestilence evade mari- time regulations and find a lodgment in the interior so as to assume formidable proportions, then federal co-operation will become necessary and be invoked. This theme, though somewhat trite among us, like the gospel of Divine truth to which it is closely allied, for " clean- liness is akin to godliness," commands our respect, and de- mands our careful study.

If hygienic improvement and sanitary work becomes equal to the demand among us, it must be accomplished by the united effort of health boards. In this connection, we would quote the language of Dr. It is well known that in the days of slavery phthisis was infrequent among the negroes. Now the death rate from that cause alone among the adults exceeds all others, except, perhaps, pneumonia. And this death rate is much greater in the towns and cities than on plantations. A solu- tion of the cause is doubtless due tp their defective hygienic surroundings, crowded habitations, badly ventilated, and gen- erally situated in localities subject to soil polution and defective drainage. The state statistics for the last eight years clearly estab- lish the truth of these statements, and furnish to all sanitarians abundant food for thought.

What is probably true in regard to the causation of the marvelous increase of phthisis among the negroes and working classes in tenement houses is equally true in regard to the spread of epidemic diseases. Such locali- ties furnish the pabulum necessary to the life and growth of infectious poisons, be they what they may. It is maintained on high authority that yellow fever is not a filth disease, and while that assumptioti is regarded as being true, it will not be denied that the peculiar poison of this disease has a striking affinity for a peculiar something which is the product of defective sanitation.

Keep these unknown realities apart, and the problem of prevention is solved. In proof of this position we cite the fact, that yellow fever has been carried to and developed in some cities and towns within the fever line during every epidemic for twenty years, and no second case occurred, though hundreds doubtless were ex- posed; but in all such towns and cities the hygienic sur- roundings were good. Since sanitation offers so much in the prevention of yellow fever, an occasional visitor, it is infinitely of more importance when considered in relation to the prevention of other diseases which claim their annual victims by thousands.

And in its application to the prevention of these do we find the widest possible range of usefulness and most cogent necessity for its practice. The science of hygiene to-day is too broad and com- prehensive to find expression in this message. But we must be content with noticing only a few important points which come within the purview of this state board of health, and refer all seekers of information on this very important subject to the standard treatises on public hygiene. The duties of the state health ofiicer are onerous, requiring hard work, much time, and less pay. They should fully acquaint themselves with the growing necessities in each county, and be prepared to advise and instruct in all matters pertaining to drainage, water supply, buildings, public and private, in the larger towns, prisons, poor-houses, market houses, school houses, in regard to light, heat and ventilation ; last, but not least, a persistent effort should be made to enlist the attention and aid of county commissioners in the matter of reclaiming paludal lands, that their fertility and market value might be increased, and their malaria diminished by a thorough system of drainage.

It is obvious that difiSculties will often be in the way of local boards of health when efforts are being made in this direction, by reason of conflicting opinions among the local authorities touching the methods and manner of sanitary work. Or, the board may recommend the importance of abolishing privy sinks, and possibly secure the enactment of a municipal ordinance to that effect. The law, however, is not enforced because property owners are un- willing to be deprived of what they regard as a private right and great convenience. The civil officer is at once enjoined and the sanitary reform is at an end.

Again, a portion of marshy land fit for nothing but the production of malaria in its present condition could be made valuable by drainage, yet there is no legal officer to say just where and how the work should be done. Then encceas will attend sanitary reform in its primary and most important sense, where hitherto in many localities it has proved a failure in part or altogether.

The state has its commissioner of agriculture, immigration agent and state geologist, all of whom are very necessary to the growth and material prosperity of the state. But certainly no one of these, important as they are, can accomplish for the ultimate prosperity of the people so much as a sanitary en- gineer empowered by state authority and required to cooperate with the health boards. These suggestions, though common- place in appearance, we think are of vital importance to our material growth and prosperity. A liberal and intelligent system of public sanitation, faith- fully executed throughout the state, constitutes the basis for the future development of our numerical force, financial strength, and individual healthfulness.

More sanitation and less quarantine will give greater immunity from disease at a minimum expense. The former is absolute and remunerative, the latter is temporary and expensive. If we, as a state board of health, reach the acme of expecta- tions in the great work of preventive medicine, we may not rely exclusively on annual messages, sanitary papers, and occa- sional circulars from health officers, but adopt other measures which will educate the majority of our medical men through- out the state in all matters pertaining to this reform. And in all probability the most direct and efficient means to secure this end would be the publication, under the auspices of this association, of a monthly or semi-monthly journal devoted to medicine, surgery, sanitation and vital statistics.

There are about sixteen hundred physicians in the state, and of that number about seventy-five constitutes the average attendance on our annual assemblies. To this number may be added about twenty or thirty irregular visitors and correspondents. While but few of the fifteen hundred seldom, if ever, attend, though they are annually counted on our roster. Oar Transactions compare favorably with the best in the land, and we are not want to find fault with them. But they do not contain such matter as is best adapted to the wants of the busy practitioner ; and, furthermore, the Transactions are only brought within reach of the members of the association, many of whom never read them, except for reference in regard to association work.

An old political aphorism is, if you would have a great reformatory measure succeed, '' keep it before the people. If such a monthly could be published, many valuable volunteer papers which do not find room in our Transactions, the reports of cases, the workings of county societies, the prevalence of diseases in different portions of the state, reports of county censors and health officers, sanitary im- provements, together with suggestions from the state health officer. All this would find in it a place. Thus it would be- come a monthly oracle of this association, widening its range of usefulness, strengthening its forces in every direction with- out detracting in the least from the legitimate matter in our annual Transactions.

We can not afford to be derelict in this regard when sister states less favored are publishing one or more such journals whose support, in a large degree, is due to the patronage of Alabama physicians, and whose literature is a continual rebuke to the intelligence, character and ability of our own doctors. If it is deemed inexpedient for the associa- tion to publish such a journal now, then an arrangement might be perfected with a private enterprise, such as is being estab- lished at Anniston by Dr. Sat their successful collection is a problem which must be solved in the future, and that solution will doubtless be found in educating the medical men of the state, together with the masses of the people, to their importance and great necessity.

In no better way can this be done than by publishing a monthly medium, which will reflect the condition, wants and capabilities of every county in the state. While the medical men will become more and more familiar with the necessities of the hour, and by force of personal appeal, under the stimu- lus of of professional pride, will adjust themselves to the situa- tion, fall into line and press forward, shoulder to shoulder, in a cause they have so willingly espoused, and to the accomplish- ment of an end, so indispensably necessary to immediate re- sults and permanent success in years to come.

In adjusting ourselves as above indicated to the increasing demands for intelligent advice and professional skill, we must not be unmindful of the fact that the great store-house of medical knowledge is yet full to repletion in every depart- ment, and from it we are required to draw daily supplies in order to be thoroughly furnished for every good work in the line of advancement in this progressive age. Having thus briefly and imperfectly reviewed the work of the association for the past year, and having suggested to you for your con- sideration such additional help as in our opinion would meet present demands and future support, we can only add that your zeal for good in the various departments of association work, which has hitherto been so abundant, should not be suf- fered to wax cold, nor should internal dissensions nor personal feuds be tolerated among us, for these only tend to weaken our forces, lessen our individual friendship, and destroy our power for usefulness as well.

If we remain true to ourselves we have nothing to fear. Our object is a common object. Our interest in this great work are one and the same. Some mnet formulate, others must execute, and all should blend together in one harmonious whole, cherishing at all times a spirit of emulation, mingled with professional pride and a laudable ambition. Let us strive to strip ourselves of all sordid selfishness or pedantic bigotry ; and in brotherly love seal our devotion to the cause, and arm afresh for the duties and conflicts for the years that are to come.

Our illustrious predecessors were wise in their day, when they with truth and philosophy for a basis, laid a foundation for the erection of the great professional structure of which we are to day the representatives. On us their mantles have fallen, and through us must be transmitted to our successors the principles and practices which have been evolved from that foundation by patience and labor.

Wonderful progress in new fields of thought has been made, new theories have been adopted to which the old have given place, while the brilliant light of recent scientific observations has cleared away the misty clouds of the past, illuminates the present, and sheds its effulgence along the pathway of the future. Mutation is written upon all things mortal, and many of our cherished plans of operation must be abrogated by those who are to suc- ceed ns, and to their keeping we must confide our trust, and with an eye of faith behold in the distance the completion and grandnre of that professional structure for which we now labor, and in which our hopes are concentrated.

To the younger members of the profession who are to suc- ceed us, we would offer a word of advice and encouragement. You are fairly within the vestibule of the great store-house of medical knowledge, founded in philosophy by the wisdom, experience and unremitting toil of a long line of illustri- ous worthies. Let not the intellect be dwarfed by fanciful theories, nor yonr progress impeded by sinister motives, but on this alter immolate yonr time, your talents, and, if nec- essary, your life. By so doing you will become benefactors to the race, ornaments to the profession, and with the chisel of time, carve your names on the tablets of eternity.

Then make haste slowly, " For those who would be great Must learn to labor and to wait. The members of the old guard are nearly extinct; the last fifteen years has robbed our association of many familiar faces, and but few are left to honor this occa- sion with their presence and counsel. Many of their names are enrolled in the Book of the Dead. Our records show their abundant labors. We honored them while living, cherish their memory though dead, and indulge the hope that they enjoy the full fruition consequent upon a life so well spent. Some of us are now on the sunset side of life's meri- dian, the coming years will be fieet and few, and as life's labor is drawing to a close, may each of us enjoy the pleasing re- fiection consequent upon a life spent in usefulness, and at last when we must succumb to our common foe, may the great physician of our souls grant us an abundant entrance into the haven of endless rest.

Mobumes Habybt Jobdan was born in Jefferson conntj, Ala. I do not propose to give a historj of his life, but there are some things I do wish to say that I knew about him. About fifteen years since a slender, tall, and rather delicate looking man came into my ofSce at Selma, Alabama, and was introduced to me ; that man was Mortimer Harvey Jordan ; that was the beginning of our acquaintance, which ripened into the warmest friendship. I met him year after year at the meetings of the State Medical Association, and the more I knew of him the stronger and stronger grew my attachment to him.

During the last few years of his life I was intimately associated with him. I loved Jordan, and for that reason there is some comfort and consolation to me now to ease the heart by mentioning the magnificent qualities of heart and mind which the good Lord so abundantly bestowed upon him. His professional career was a continuous success throughout his short life. That success was due to his enthusiastic love of his profession. Jordan loved medicine like an ardent sports- man does his dog and gun, or the chase.

He threw his whole soul into it and made it a part of his very existenpe, and then, in addition to his love for his profession, he had a big brain, sound judgment, diagnostic skill, therapeutical ability. It was a source of great delight to him to unravel the mysteries of a case which had puzzled others, and then meet successfully the therapeutical indications. He had a memory that kept ready for use all that he had culled from books and magazines and what he had gathered from his own experience, and in any emergency it came to his relief like magic. It would often times seem as if he had just been devoting hours of study for that very case.

Under the most trying circumstances his judgment was good, his brain cool, and that too in defiance of his having physical weakness to contend with. If Jordan had been as strong physically as he was mentally, I do not think there was anything he could not have attained in his profession. I never knew a man who was more fertile in therapeutical resources ; when one thing failed he was ready with another. He was a capital surgeon. He was one of the most skillful of obstetricians, and a first- class gynecologist.

Jordan could have made a specialty of any of these branches, and obtained eminent success anywhere. As a lecturer in the Medical College of Mobile, with no previ- ous preparation, he was one of the most popular in the school. He could have filled a medical chair in any medical college, and would have had more students to attend his lectures than the majority of the professors. He was eminently practical, and stored his mind with practical facts.

I might go on to a much more lengthy extent in writing of his medical ability, but from what I have already said, my opinion of his medical acquirements is evident to all. In speaking of him, aside from his profession as a man among men, I come to his qualities of heart, his purity, his sense of right. His love to his fellow man was akin to the Divinity that shaped his end.

His generous heart and sym- pathetic nature drew all to him. Men and women alike loved him and had no word but a good one to say when his name was mentioned. With three years experience in and amongst those he practiced for, I have never heard one word condemn- ing him. Anything that was crooked, mean or low was left out when Jordan was made. His adaptability to his surround- ings was something extraordinary.

His knowledge of men was almost intuitive, and he was almost invariably correct. He was a welcome and entertaining guest anywhere. He made friends wherever he went. If Jordan was not a genius, there are none made. He would have been an eminent suc- cess in any profession he might have chosen, because he had brain to back him, and then his love of mankind drew all to him. There may be more such men, but I, for one, never ex- pect to see his like again. His faults all leaned to virtue's side. It is a great pleasure to feel that you had the confi- dence, respect and good will of such a man. My greatest con- solation in being bereft of such a friend is a few words spoken to me a few days before his death, and they were these : "Johnston, you have been a solid comfort to me.

I submit the following report as Senior Vice-President of the Medical Association of the State of Alabama : In compliance with the duties imposed on me as vice-presi- dent by the rules of this association, I have, so far as possible, by correspondence, encouraged the attendance of members on the meetings of county societies, and I have urged each county society in my division to be represented in this association, and I have promoted, as far as I was able to do so, the enforce- ment of the health laws of the state.

The medical society in Lowndes county is in good condition and has ten members. There is no opposition to the society, although some of the profession are not on the roll of the society. The society has monthly meetings and everything is working smoothly. Shirley Bragg is the health oflBcer, and deserves the commendation of the association for his energy and accuracy in collecting vital and mortuary statistics.

There are twenty-five members enrolled in the Dallas county medical society. Monthly meetings were appointed, but during the busy season of the year, there was not always a quorum. While there was danger of yellow fever being brought to the county, the society met frequently, and gave diligent attention to quarantine and sanitary regulations. There have been interesting cases reported and discussed at their meetings.

The county members though rarely attend. McKinnon is the county health officer, and he has been very diligent, systematic and successful in collecting vital and mortuary statistics. The cause is probably due to the fact that the grand juries of that county have not indicted illegal practitioners, and those who fail to report births and deaths, although they have been furnished by members of the society with sufficient evidence to indict and convict the violators of the law.

The county health officer, Dr. Job Thigpen, has done all in his power to collect statistics, and enforce the law. Bullock county medical society has a membership of twenty- one. The society meets on the first Tuesday in each month. The meetings are usually made interesting by the discussion of medical subjects, and the presentation of cases illustrating rare or occult diseases. The society, since our annual meeting, sustained a loss in the death of Dr. Boiling, of Fitz- patrick. All the doctors in the county arc members except three, one of whom, as reported last year, is very old and al- most out of the practice, and another is engrossed in farming, and gives but little attention to his profession.

The best feel- ing pervades the society. Hayes is a model health officer. The Macon county medical society, as reported to me by letter, "has been a failure from the beginning," so far as the collection of vital and mortuary statistics is concerned. The principal cause assigned is that the physicians in Macon county think that the State ought to pay for the collection of statis- tics, and they are apathetic and indifferent. There have been only two meetings of the society the past year, and very little interest manifested in them. Covington county medical society perfected an organization before the last meeting of this association, and at that time applied for and obtained a charter. I have nothing encourag- ing to report from this county.

There are ten members in the Autauga county medical so- ciety. The society has quarterly meetings, poorly attended. Smith, who has been very diligent in endeav- oring to encoarage the enforcement of their collection, bat he has not had the assistance and cooperation of practicing physi- cians and assistant health officers in the connty. Conecuh county medical society has a small membership. It numbers only seven. The members have quarterly meet- ings and discuss medical subjects of interest and report unusual cases that they may have encountered in their practice. McKittrick is one of the most efficient health officers in my division, and he has succeeded in collecting almost com- plete statistics in his connty.

The Baldwin county medical society has only three members, and has held two meetings during the year. This society labors under great disadvantages, and deserves credit for keeping up its organization. The work of collecting vital and mortuary statistics has improved, due no doubt to the fact that Dr. Marechal induced the board of county commissioners to make an appropriation for the payment of the health officer's salary, who has great difficulty in collecting the statistics on account of the limited number of doctors, the extensive and sparsely settled territory, and defective mail facilities.

I regret to report that in Greene county my information is that "there is a medical society only in name, and no health officer. The society meets every Saturday night, and there is an average attendance of twelve members. The society receives a weekly report of health from the health officer, and a monthly report is sent to each member. Con- sidering the fact that the commissioners court has never made an appropriation to pay the health officer of the county, the vital statistics are better collected than could be expected.

The society meets three times a year, with an average attendance of five members. The doctors in the county manifest but little interest in the success of the society. The health officer receives very meagre reports from which to make up his statistics, and his work is unsatisfactory. There is great room for improvement in the Dale county medical society. Henry county medical society has a membership of twelve. The society meets four times a year. The county is very large, and there are a number of illegal practitioners in it, and also a number of midwives in the rural districts who are un- favorable to the society, and they will not report to the health officer. Although he has endeavored to have indictments pre- ferred against the offenders the grand juries have failed to find bills.

The healtli officer has labored faithfully to make his work a success, but the opposition and lack of assistance of others has prevented his doing so. The Monroe county medical society has eleven members, but there is not much life or vigor in the body. One great reason for this condition is the difficulty of having frequent meetings. It is sixty miles between the residences of the physicians in the northern and southern portion of the county, and the members being separated thus widely from each other have only semi annual meetmgs.

There are seven physicians in the county who are not members of the society. There have been two applicants to study medicine, but no one has applied for examination to practice the past year. There have been no changes in the membership of the society. McMillan is the efficient health officer of this county. The Kussell county medical society has eight members. The society meets quarterly. Some of the members manifest a great deal of interest in their meetings. The county health officer has been unsuccessful in collecting vital statistics. In many of the beats he has failed to secure efficient assistant health officers. Does it resolve the issue. Is sandwitching still present?

Why does it significantly enhance the reader's understanding of the article topic? A free image of the town hall is available. I have modified it in the article. Also, I think "clicked by self" means the uploader and the photographer are the same, but I just wanted to make sure. Well, I am not the uploader. Do Wiki policies permit me to add a description? Fix away! Description provided and file uploaded on Commons. JPG - Are we sure the photographer and the uploader are the same? If we cannot find the source again, we cannot use it.

Replaced Image:Demon Yakshagana. Kensplanet talk , 21 August UTC [ ] The uploader and the username in the copyright release are not the same name or link to the same names. Are these the same people? How do we know that the person listed as the copyright holder has released the image? Well, this image has been commented out. Also, are we sure the photographer and the uploader are the same?

Yes, the photographer and the uploader are the same. The uploader is User:Crazysoul. All the images have been clicked by his camera. His Image contributions can be found here: User:Crazysoul Images uploaded by me. I've made the author clearer. Added a description and uploaded it in Commons. Also, who is the photographer? Just this image remains. The photographer is Electronixid. In the history section, I'd prefer if the "legend" sentences were compressed a bit. Other than that, it needs someone to run through it a couple of times and tighten the prose. Can you specify which all sections need to be condensed. Which is footnote 8 referring to?

When I did an edit I saw there was a wikilink to the specific article in the code. Sneaky template, that one is. Here, we don't have any other option. There are many cases in which the Author and the Publisher both are the same. Mangalore City Corporation is the author for the 2 Refs. Kensplanet talk , 27 August UTC [ ] Support and one comment the sister links may not be necessary as it does nt have any real links currently Taprobanus talk , 28 August UTC [ ] Thankyou for your comments.

Sisterlinks has been removed. I first read this article during its first peer review. I can see that Kensplanet has taken great care in putting this together, especially with respect to comprehensiveness. I have been slowly going this over the past few days and I can say it definitely is one of the better Indian city articles. The one thing that kind of bugged me was the reliance on the word "popular" used 19 times in the article. Otherwise, a very well-constructed article. I look forward to seeing further articles at FAC from Kensplanet. Current ref 30 needs publisher info. Tito xd?!?

Padgett is a notable authority in the tropical meteorology field, and was one of the co-authors of the AOML FAQ , which is one of our most frequently-referred sources. I've been satisfied that it's reliable for the information presented. Image:TS Kyle 02 landfall. Image:Kyle 02 rainfall. The first one, however, is made by a fellow Wikipedian, and I don't believe needs an author since the author released it into the public domain. All images in Category:Tropical cyclone tracks were created using WPTC's track map generator and were published into the public domain.

It was created first by Jdorje and then modified by Nilfanion with the same software. The images don't say that because the template is protected and can't be modified. Why is this page protected anyway? Just curious. Awadewit talk , 18 August UTC [ ] It is a potentially high risk template, since it is used on thousands of images, but the author problem has been resolved. Using "initially" twice in two consecutive sentences grows boring.

The storm history seems to drag on and on. What about splitting it into Meteorological history of Hurricane Kyle? The tropical storm spawned an F2 tornado in Georgetown that remained on the ground for about 1. Link tornado. The last paragraph of Impact could use a copyedit. Good work overall, as always. I also got the rest of the comments, I believe. Otherwise sources look good, links checked out with the link checker tool. Note I'm still on the road, so replies may be slightly delayed. Ealdgyth - Talk , 15 August UTC [ ] Switched the citation to cite news [5] - maclean , 15 August UTC [ ] Images have good descriptions, correct copyright tags, and sufficient fair use rationales. In the case of an Amazon.

I like the lead to have at least one bit of information from each section. Shouldn't it be women's or womens, I'm not sure issues? I took care of them here [8] Thanks for reading the article. Well done. Can't get used to the "eg. Also, just a small proportion of the sentences verge on being a little long; no big deal, but something to possibly consider in the future? Added the dots [9]. I've noticed my style leans towards longer sentences and paragraphs. I'll watch out for it in the future.

Most of the 'errors' seemed to be the 'can't see the trees for the forest' kinds of things that happen when one tries to copyedit one's own work : Some remaining issues: You seem to favor serial commas over the alternative, but you don't use them consistently. This is especially apparent in the Reception section, but could use auditing throughout. For the record, I hate, hate, hate 'broadcasted'. This is personal preference only, of course.

If so, it needs a terminal comma; if not, I don't know what this means. Also, the structure of the latter half of the sentence is awkward; suggest reversing order ' I am glad to see unlinked dates in the main text. Why are the unlinked dates in the refs in the opposite format of those in the article the article uses October 18, refs use 18 October? I've actioned some of the above comments [10] It will take a little longer for the rest. Are you really thinking about reading the book? You still had some anomalies in date formats, mostly due to oddities of template code, but I cleaned those up. Thank you for your unexpected kindness in doing away with 'broadcasted'.

Maralia talk , 31 August UTC [ ] Comments a pretty good read, some nitpicky stuff: do we really need the sidebar quotes in the content section? It seems like the comments encapsulated therein could be easily paraphrased and don't particularly need a specific call-out. Der Wohltemperierte Fuchs talk , 29 August UTC [ ] I chose the first quote because it illustrates, better than I can describe, his writing style.

He casually uses the word "apoplectic"!?! I chose the second quote because it just flatly states the book's thesis in his own words. It does basically repeat it in the article text so I removed the quote box. A very good effort with regards to banishing academic boosterism , populating daughter pages, high-quality pictures of campus, and referencing. Some nitpicks: —This is part of a comment by Madcoverboy of , 20 August UTC , which was interrupted by the following: [ ] Many thanks for your contributions, Madcoverboy.

Your suggestions have been well justified and have helped us to improve the article considerably. The choice of rankings in this section seem to be cherry-picked to convey the institution in a better light as there are no US News rankings included for the schools of law or medicine which I would expect if you're including the same report at undergraduate and engineering. Has Rawls been ranked by any of the publications on List of United States graduate business school rankings? This is difficult to address for a few reasons. Thus, if we were to attempt to counter-cherry-pick and include some middle-of-the-pack rankings, it would probably be assumed, likewise, that those are the best. My general impression from looking at other university pages is that those notes usually represent the high-water mark, and that's what we've done.

We're certainly open to trying to make it better, but short of listing every single ranking I don't know that there's a better way to present that info. Madcoverboy talk , 20 August UTC [ ] I'll double check and try to make sure we have the most current ones listed. I can't imagine that being construed as fluffing. Most sources only report the top [insert number] of universities. Occasionally there are articles on the worst. However, if it's somewhere in between, you would likely have to locate something like a trade publication that covers every school from a to z. This has been fixed That's been bothering me for a while and I never got around to fixing it. It was in the Lubbock area.

Will be fixed shortly. This line has been deleted. I found this sort of alternatively misson statement-y terminology or overgeneral sentence fragments airdropped into various paragraphs throughout the research, campus, and student life sections. This line has been rewritten to remove peacocking. Why is this repeated in research and alumni? I can see your perspective on this, but the two mentions are a different context. In the alumnni section, we mention that Harris was the 1st african american in space and Husband won the space medal of honor. If you're hard and fast on this one we can probably rework it a bit. I would rework the captions to integrate them into the article's context or take them out completely. The Columbia shot is related for two specific reasons.

Rick Husband alum was the commander of that ship, and Tech is working on a abort executive program that deals with ascent failures columbia is in ascent in the photo. The image used, while dramatic, is somewhat misleading as Husband was not piloting that mission. Perhaps you could use the image specific to his mission? But in addition to the fact that the photo in use is superior to the STS photo in wiki commons, the image we've used shows a better shot of the ascent which is also related to the adjacent text. Ultimately, either shot is the same vehicle doing the same exact thing.

The only difference, aesthetically, is the photo quality and the perspective, and thus we've opted for the more attractive version. The sports rivalries, while they exist, are hard to source in any meaningful way. Also, we feel that the athletics section of the page is already pretty long considering we have an entire page for TTU sports. This may play a role as well. What academic organizations does TT belong to? That's mentioned in the 2nd paragraph of the Academic profile section, prior to talk of the individual colleges. I don't believe so. These seem to be significant omissions. We could probably stand to add a bit about the Chancellor, Regents, President and the endowment.

Admission stats would probably be a good idea, too. Something on housing could be added to the "Campus" section. It may be hard to add too much since the article is already a bit oversize. The history tends to give too much emphasis on the naming of the institution while ignoring what must have been contentious issues like racial integration, coeducation, war protests, counterculture, funding disputes with the legislature, contentious faculty departures, controversial student life policies, etc etc etc along the way.

Several of us have combed the desert in the Spaceballs sense and the most contentious item we've found was the name change. I think much of the lack of controversy may be due to the fact that until the s or so, the university was a fairly small regional school. It wasn't ever exactly a hotbed of political unrest. Likewise, the only major funding issue between the university and the state is taking shape currently in TTUs pursuit of flagship status and thus it's too recent and unsettled to say much more about.

I would like to find info about the co-education and integration stuff though, that is important. My conjecture, having not ever seen evidence, is that TTU was open to female students from its inception. The presence of a school called Home Economics in the beginning, seems to make that implication and that would explain why there is no mention of an act or controversy related to 'becoming' co-ed. It seems most likely that by TTU's founding in , co-education was a foregone conclusion. This would explain why we cannot find a single shred of information on the subject. I added a very brief mention, along with source, to the article that the college began with both men and women.

You should be able to access the articles through a LexisNexus or ProQuest search and quote the appropriate material for the article. Discusses campus protests or lack thereof. Related articles in other years. I added that Texas Tech tried eight times over a period of over 20 years before it was finally admitted to the Southwest Conference. Begins to plug the hole in the history surrounding WWII which must have affected the college either in declining enrollments during the war or surging enrollments under the GI bill. Added a bit about WWII era drop in enrollment and the training of soldiers. Probably not the only thing segregated either.

Elred added information about integration at the school, the first African American student, etc. This is about all of Texas and not necessarily specific to Texas Tech, and, as we've discussed, it's pretty trivial. Do not skirt these contentious issues from the past because they shaped the institution into what it is today they most certainly deserve mention in the article beyond the official boilerplate issued by university publications. These are just stories I came across covered in the NYTimes from before after a 30 minute search, so rest assured there is plenty more out there. My initial peruse of this info, however, has me questioning the real relevance of this information.

I feel like many of these issues, while they may have made news at the time, had very little or no long-term affect on the university. As such, digging them up for inclusion in the article seems to be a sort of inverted Wikipedia:Recentism. One issue, for example, is on the hoop-jumping born from the formation of the Southwest Athletic Conference. Ultimately, Texas Tech joined the conference. That issue specifically, if it does warrant inclusion, would be better suited for Tech's athletics article. Another issue is a vote on the age limit for liquor purchase.

This issue comes up about once a year, and I don't think it's news that year old college students come out hard in favor of lowering the legal age. In fact, there is national, non-Tech related, news on this topic making rounds right now. I hope you aren't trying to turn my comment to Wordbuilder about counter-culture's relative importance to different universities and my mention of UC Berkeley into some sort of slag fest. That comment, at face value, is both benign and legitimate, and I take the nature of your presentation of that comment in this manner as offensive and antagonistic.

Ultimately, while these articles merit examination, I think the fact that the use of Lexis-Nexis is necessary to find 30 year old archived articles, on such things as student interest in alcohol, is pretty indicative of both the dearth of activism activity on campus and the long-term impact of the noted events. I'll leave this to others to interject their opinions on whether or not these items are worthy of mention. I think we can skip the stuff on admission to the SWC, since it's already covered in the football article. The deal with alcohol doesn't sound too imporant but maybe we can squeeze two or three paragraphs of the other.

You can't wholesale dismiss or discount these as irrelevant on the basis of your own intuition because they were common experiences to so many universities all across the country. I think what I want to clarify is "what makes the controversy relevant. I think the barometer on whether these things warrant mention should be whether or not they had a lasting impact on the university. If a rigid standard is not held here, the entire page could devolve into a litany of petty disputes and flippant student causes of the day. Major war protests, especially in the cases where the National Guard had to intervene, would seam to rate as important but are not present here. Protests of integration or early or late acceptance would be noteworthy as well but, likewise, appear to be absent.

I think adding some info about the university's reaction and state of being during WWII is notable, but it's likely better suited for 'history' than 'controversy' unless there was some sort of uprising, which is extremely unlikely considering TTU had about 3, students at the time. In general, I think the counter-culture experience varies greatly at different universities and in different parts of the country. This was the basis for my reference to Berkeley. An agricultural and technical college in Lubbock, Texas was never a matriculation zone for the counter-culture movement.

Surely there were sporadic events, but never so much so that they defined the university's identity or greatly impacted its direction. That being the case, I think digging for evidence of such events leaves a more inaccurate impression than does a lack of mention. The events should be woven into the history, or other relevant, section. I'd love to find something on integration in addition to the "first black athlete" article. The " free speech zones " policy that was struck down by a federal judge is notable as it has nationwide, and likely long-lasting, repercussions one source , another source out of many. I also added that it took eight tries over twenty years before Texas Tech was admitted to the Southwest Conference.

The broad criteria I use for the 2 university articles I edit is whether or not a story was picked up by a national newspaper outside of the university's region in addition to local coverage — if the NYTimes, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, SFChronicle, LATimes, etc are going to take the space and time to report on an issue at a college in Lubbock, Chicago, or Boston, that issue must have some greater inherent significance in the eyes of those editors at that time.

It's then the responsibility of the WP community to evaluate the notability of that issue against coverage in other reliable sources for the historical context of both its impact at the particular institution it affects as well as the prevalence of that type of issue across other universities as well. I also wanted to clarify that I do not think that the article needs a standalone controversies section nor that protests are the only benchmark for notability, only that many of the milestones I already sketched out warrant some mention in the history of any American university. It stands to reason that some explanation should be given as to the extent to which those issues did or did not hit home at any given institution.

I can see some of this being used to fill in some history gaps. On counter-culture, however, it may be hard to reference a lack of activity. Unless we can find articles about events that didn't happen. ADD: Examination of the yearly enrollment figures seems to augment my previous position to some degree. The university didn't maintain a consistent enrollment of 5, until This, coupled with location would help explain the lack of controversy. As Wordbuilder confirmed, the university was co-ed from the beginning, so that was never an issue.

My suspicion on the integration issue now is that, as the issue was making waves around the country, no black students were attempting to or wanted to attend Texas Technological College. It would be understandable, as a west Texas ag-school at the time probably wouldn't be high on their lists and the number of southern black high school students with plans for college was small. Likely, by the time the university was drawing interest from potential black students, the issue of integration had been run through the ringer nationally for many years.

Thus, if the first black student made news, it probably made little more news than mention in the University Daily or the Lubbock Av-Journal which we still can't find a peep about. I have reworked the tornado sentence, including linking to the Lubbock Tornado article, for clarity. I also expanded the captions of the HIV and space shuttle images to connect them with the surrounding prose. I will work to correct the other issues as well. Would there be a way to replace the mascot logos with free images of the mascot from a game? The students playing the role of the mascots changes every year and sometimes from day to day. Having an actual photo of the man or woman dressed as the Masked Rider "dates" the photo in a sense, instead of evoking the intended symbolism of the mascot.

Also, the Masked Rider logo is a very prominent and often displayed symbol of the school's athletic teams. That being the case, it has a significant degree of relevance to the page in its own right. In the case of Raider Red, the character originated in cartoons by Dirk West as mentioned in the article , so the foam costume is actually a facsimile of his drawing. I'm wondering if the benefits gained from the fair use images outweigh having free images.

If this article is ever included in any CD version of Wikipedia, for example, all of the fair use images would have to be taken out. What do you think? Awadewit talk , 21 August UTC [ ] While I see your point on this, and I'd prefer the web version to be the definitive version, those images the Masked Rider logo and the Red Raider cartoon are fairly significant. The Masked Rider logo itself ranks as the university's 2nd or alternate athletic logo in addition to representing the mascot and is often found on caps, t-shirts, banners, buses, etc promoting the university.

That logo could been seen somewhere, representing Texas Tech, and a person could theoretically come to wikipedia to identify it. Further, in actuality, the famous "Double-T" is referred to as the "spirit logo" while the "Masked Rider logo" is often referred to as the athletic logo. As for the Raider Red drawing, it is the actual origin of the character. Raider Red existed in that form cartoon for decades prior to becoming a foam mascot. It was only after the rules forbidding horses on the field that Red 'became' a costume. Here are the rationales that I've attached to each image: The Masked Rider logo: The use of this logo on the page is two fold.

The Masked Rider logo serves as the alternate athletics logo for the university and symbolizes the Masked Rider the primary mascot of the university. No image can replace this image as an official representation of the university's athletic department, and no other singular image can both do this AND represent the mascot character. West's character, depicted in the image, was later used as the basis for the 'foam costume' Raider Red that attends Texas Tech sporting events. The use of the cartoon image illustrates the origin of the character and its ultimate place as an official university icon.

Dirk West's character was, from it's inception, used to represent Texas Tech University, but was only adopted as an official university mascot after a rule forbade live animals including the Masked Rider's horse from being on the field in "away" games. We have contacted the owner in order to secure proper release, but I agree that it is not vital short of historical perspective. If the release is not forthcoming shortly the image will be removed. See United States copyright law. Madcoverboy talk , 20 August UTC [ ] When I corresponded with the owner of the photo about a year ago he told me that the photo was taken by his grandfather circa The actual photographer is very likely now deceased and it is also likely that any copyright has now expired.

If not, then this would apply and it's PD, not fair-use. So, even though it may actually be PD, fair-use applies if it isn't. That is the first step to figuring out this mystery. I believe I found it on flickr or something like that and contacted the owner. If memory serves me, he told me that the photograph was taken by his grandfather and he scanned it. It wasn't ever a "professional" photograph. That is, of course, my understanding. The owner of the photo granted permission via email and provided his info at the time, but he has not yet responded to the email I sent him two days ago. At this point, I'm not willing to go to battle for it by any means. If it needs to go we can do without it until we find an adequate replacement.

I'm just trying to figure out the right license. If it is unpublished, the author has to have died at least 70 years ago for it to be in the PD. Did this grandfather die that long ago? I really don't know his grandfather's status. I believe I was told that the grandson who could be anywhere from years old as far as I know found it in an old drawer. Without response from the owner I still have received no response we are fairly helpless on this one. If we need to pull it down we can do that. However, I'd rather wait to do that as the "last thing" prior to getting blessed in order to give the guy time to respond. Sometimes having no options is liberating in that you have nothing to worry about. This is one of those times.

We found another photo that is definitely PD, so we're all good here. JPG - Are we sure the uploader is the author of this photo? This is a cropped version of a photo Wordbuilder took himself. I noted this on the Wikipedia version, which will soon be moved to Commons as well. So, 1 the cropped version should indicate that it is an altered version of Krista Mericle's photo; 2 the original image was uploaded by Wordbuilder, but how can Wordbuilder release the rights to Krista Mericle's photo?

You cannot release her copyright for her we've moved beyond the era where the husband can dispose of his wife's property however he sees fit! Also, I'm not "dsiposing of my wife's property" as I see fit. She knows I uploaded the image and is happy to have it used. I wish I had picked up on that. I've had in-text jokes backfire on me, too which is really bad when it's on the job. Sorry for the misunderstanding. The image should be properly registered soon. The image in the article is a merely a cropped version. A stronger "purpose for use" needs to be included - the recentism argument above is good.

Why must this image be included in the article? How does it significantly enhance the reader's understanding? You think that would clarify it? Should we replace the link, even though whatever we choose now won't actually be where the image was retrieved from? They just slightly changed where that page is. It's the same page as before, they just moved it into another directory. I'll check. Having two logos that are exactly the same in the article that are both fair use would be hard to justify.

I would think, since this is actually a trimmed down and processed photograph of the actual ring, it would not be subject to this rule. This would be similar to having to use a fair use rationale for the TT logo on a football helmet in a game photograph. I don't think we can justify using this image, however, since it so closely resembles the logos. I'm not sure what other information it would convey. Awadewit talk , 22 August UTC [ ] The Double T logo on the ring is, in fact, different from the red and black beveled version seen elsewhere on the page.

Its proportions are slightly different and it does not have any beveling. It is based on a historic version of the logo that is not presented anywhere else on the page. I think that, despite jewelry maker's copyright, the image would qualify as fair use because of its lengthy description in the text. Also, the photograph does illustrate the ring's style in a way that text cannot, and I believe that photographs of class rings are pretty common on wiki university sites. It also incorporates a partion of the logo used in the infobox i. However, it isn't as prominent as the Double T is on the Texas Tech ring. I can't imagine what that rationale would be - what does the ring offer the reader? I'm going to remove it. Per my conversation with you, I left the decision to Elred, since it was his image.

He decided to keep it. I think Wordbuilder's FUR is very strong. Again, if this is something that costs your blessing, it's not worth it to me, but I think it's justified quite well. On all images where you've asked "Are we sure the uploader is the author of this photo? NOTE: I deleted my generic responses to each photo note that indicated I was the photographer for the sake of cleanliness.

Thanks for all your help! Someone recently told me that year ranges like this should be "from to ". If not, I'm pretty sure an en dash is required for these. There's also later. Oddly, I just made those '' changes through because that was how I interpreted the rule. Replaced all the hyphens with "ndash's. It says that en dashes should not be used in this situation; instead "to" should be placed in the middle. Took me a while to find that. Why not provide a link to that? I don't think that should have a hyphen actually. And the U. In an article on an American topic, I'm not sure there even needs to be one.

Either link everything or nothing in situations like these. Thanks for the help! Giants , 20 August UTC [ ]. Pick either with or without the the and either italicised or plain text and a wording you can live with and stick with it. Fixed Southewest Collections, non-italics. Yes, it's linked, but you don't want folks to have to click away from your article to figure things out, they might not return.

Thanks for the notes. Now links the official, orginal TTU source. But if its backed up with a NASA citation, that works. As is the case with most of these, the 'questionable' references we've included are merely 'second or third' sources for this material that we used to supplement the official TTU source in the attempt to balance or augment the use of Tech's own websites. If they used TTU as a source, they won't show another viewpoint unless they are in the business of investigating claims, etc. There is a reference from the official site that echoes the same claims, so it wasn't really necessary. Our original link —to the Tribune Chronicle in Warren, Ohio—went dead and the Internet Archive's server holding the old version has been down for days.

If there are books, articles from regional or national newspapers, scholarly papers in peer-reviewed journals, etc. Indeed, Google News, Scholar, and Book searches should be the first places you stop for reliable sources if you don't already have access to university library databases. Top results for a News search reveal a number of lawsuits that reached federal appeals courts, allegations of research misconduct, and other goodies. We actually do cite several offline sources books. Unfortunately, for this particular point, I don't have an offline source. The information on that page was backed up by two other official TTU citations.

Reference changed to TV Guide 's bio page. The NE and NW, overall, were shining lights. Hey, ACPT is in less than two weeks! I hope to see many of you there! Feel better, pannonica! As always, you play by breaking a word or phrase into component parts that can be acted out, or clued independently, and then putting them together thusly:. And, for good measure, Nanci Griffiths singing one of my favorites. CrosSynergy Sunday Challenge crossword solution, Good day, everyone! Another abbreviated post, as I continue to deal with Madness. Fun grid from Mr. Uh oh, have to get interviews done ASAP now, as one of the teams Notre Dame is ready to do their postgame press conference.

See ya…. Still, a really well-made puzzle. I was impressed that all the theme words had exactly one letter undoubled and that none of the other letters were used more than twice. I also went quickly. But mostly I felt that I was solving a puzzle in a foreign language. None of the idioms felt recognizable. Just got them from crossings. Still have to look up a couple. Really enjoyed NYT too. Tough crowd here today. Excellent choice of theme answers and lots of fun modern fill. Technical glitch, perhaps. I LOVE the charades! And it made me smile even more to think how fun you surely had coming up with them!

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